Truce

History

Below is a general timeline of our universe.

  1. (13.75 billion years ago) Our universe begins.
  2. (4.53 billion years ago) Earth forms.
  3. (Earth 3.5 billion years ago) Earliest life.
  4. (Earth 4.5 million years ago) Earliest human ancestor.
  5. (2.5 million years ago) Earliest stone tools.
  6. (400 thousand years BC) Earliest wooden spears are used.
  7. (400 thousand years BC) Widespread controlled use of fire.
  8. (200 thousand years BC) There are anatomically correct modern homo sapiens with less hair.
  9. (70 to 50 thousand years BC) Movement from Africa to Asia.
  10. (64 thousand years BC) Earliest arrowheads.
  11. (50 thousand years BC) Language, sophisticated cognition, symbolic thought.
  12. (47 to 41 thousand years BC) First figurine.
  13. (32 thousand years BC) First cave paintings.
  14. (28 thousand years BC) Evidence of cordage (string or rope) making technology.
  15. (Japan 12 thousand years BC) First pottery produced.
  16. (Syria 10000 BC) Wild cereals are harvested.
  17. (9500 BC) Sumerians begin farming.
  18. (Fertile Crescent 9000 BC to 8000 BC) Wild cereals are cultivated.
  19. (Zagros mountains Iraq 9000 BC) Wild sheep are shepherded.
  20. (8200 BC to 7600 BC) Earliest canoe.
  21. (Fertile Crescent 8000 BC to 7700 BC) Wheat and barley are domesticated.
  22. (8000 BC to 7000 BC) Cultivation of barley.
  23. (8000 BC to 3000 BC) Stone Age.
  24. (8000 BC) Human Evolution ends.
  25. (8000 BC) Glaciation ends.
  26. (Yangtze valley 6500 BC) Rice is cultivated.
  27. (Chatal Huyuk (Turkey) 6200 BC) Copper smelting and textile manufacture begins in Chatal Huyuk.
  28. (Egypt 6000 BC) Barley, sheep farming, wheat begins in Egypt.
  29. (Indian Subcontinent 6000 BC) Farming begins in the Indian Subcontinent.
  30. (Europe 6000 BC) Farming begins in Europe.
  31. (Central Europe 5400 BC to 5400 BC) Bandkeramick culture.
  32. (Mesopotamian plains 5000 BC) Irrigation, agriculture begins.
  33. (5000 BC) Bitumen is used to coat boats.
  34. (Ganges plain 4500 BC) Farming begins in Ganges plain.
  35. (3809 BC to 2660 BC) Radiocarbon dates for the Great Pyramid.
  36. (Middle East 3800 BC) Bronze working begins.
  37. (Russian Steppes 3650 BC) Wheeled vehicles are used on the Russian steppes.
  38. (3500 BC) A vertical stick is used to tell time.
  39. (China 3000 BC) Copper and silk manufacture in China.
  40. (3000 BC) Earliest writing: cuneiform script.
  41. (3000 BC) Sumerians develop a base numerical system on multiples of 60.
  42. (China 2900 BC) Emperor Fu Hsi develops principle of yin and yang.
  43. (2700 BC to 2100 BC) The pyramids are built.
  44. (Mesoamerica 2700 BC) Maize is domesticated.
  45. (2700 BC) The first spoked wheels are developed.
  46. (China 2700 BC) Chinese start weaving silk and cultivating silk works.
  47. (2600 BC) The great cedar boat is placed within the Great Pyramid.
  48. (Indus Valley 2500 BC to 1500 BC) Hindu developed.
  49. (Sahara 2500 BC) The Sahara becomes a desert.
  50. (2400 BC to 2200 BC) Stone Henge is built.
  51. (Mesopotamia 2400 BC) Arch and vault construction is developed.
  52. (Peru 2000 BC) Farming becomes the main source of food.
  53. (Sub-Saharan Africa 2000 BC) Farming and pastoralism begins in sub-Sharan Africa.
  54. (Peru 2000 BC) Farming becomes the main source of food in Peru.
  55. (Peru 2000 BC) Metalworking is developed in Peru.
  56. (1750 BC) Babylonians use geometry for astronomy.
  57. (Mediterranean and Scandinavia 1500 BC to 1000 BC) Advanced shipbuilding occurs.
  58. (1500 BC to 1000 BC) The Iron Age occurs.
  59. (Eurasian steppes 1500 BC) Pastoral farmers spread across the Eurasian steppes.
  60. (Korea 1500 BC) Rice cultivation "is adopted in Korea.
  61. (Egypt 1400 BC) Water clocks are developed.
  62. (1250 BC) The Trojan Wars occur.
  63. (North America 1200 BC) Maize is introduced to Southewest North America.
  64. (1050 BC) The Phoenician alphabet is developed, mostly replacing cuneiform.
  65. (Central Europe 1000 BC to 900 BC) Iron is used in Europe.
  66. (South America 1000 BC to 800 BC) Maize is introduced to South America.
  67. (Jerusalem 900 BC) A reinforced underground water supply system is developed.
  68. (Eurasian steppes 750 BC) Nomadism becomes the dominant way of life on the Eurasian steppes.
  69. (Indus Valley 700 BC to 600 BC) Jainism develops.
  70. (570 BC to 495 BC) Pythagoras walked the earth.
  71. (563 BC) Siddhartha Gautama walked the earth and developed Buddhism.
  72. (551 BC to 479 BC) Confucius walked the earth and developed confucianism.
  73. (538 BC to 332 BC) The Old Testament reaches its modern form.
  74. (500 BC to 200 BC) The Israelites record a version of the Hebrew Bible.
  75. (500 BC) Taoism develops.
  76. (500 BC) The first dissection of a human is recorded.
  77. (500 BC) The Ancient World era ends.
  78. (500 BC to 700 AD) The Classical World era begins.
  79. (492 BC to 449 BC) Persian Wars occur.
  80. (469 BC to 399 BC) Socrates walked the earth.
  81. (460 BC to 370 BC) Democritus walked the earth.
  82. (431 BC to 404 BC) The Peloponnesian War occurs.
  83. (424 BC to 348 BC) Plato walked the earth.
  84. (384 BC to 322 BC) Aristotle - a student of Plato - walked the earth.
  85. (350 BC) Praxagoras of Cos distinguishes between arteries and veins.
  86. (323 BC to 30 BC) The library of Alexandria existed.
  87. (300 BC) Euclid walked the earth.
  88. (287 BC to 212 BC) Archimedes walked the earth.
  89. (264 BC to 241 BC) First Punic War occurs.
  90. (218 BC to 201 BC) Second Punic War occurs.
  91. (200 BC) Romans begin to use concrete.
  92. (149 BC to 146 BC) The Third Punic War occurs.
  93. (Bethlehem 1 BC) The traditional birth of Jesus.
  94. (35 to 108) Saint Ignatius walked the earth.
  95. (50 to 72) The Gospel According to Mark is recorded.
  96. (175) The Gospels were likely translated into Latin.
  97. (China 271) The first compass is developed.
  98. (500 to 1150) The Age of Faith era occurs.
  99. (500 to 1450) The Middle Ages.
  100. (527) The First paddle-wheel boats are developed.
  101. (France 550) Church Bells come into use.
  102. (570 to 632) Muhammad walked the earth and developed Islam.
  103. (960 to 1644) Crusades to Columbus era occurs.
  104. (1200) Alcohol is commonly used for medicinal purposes.
  105. (1225 to 1274) Thomas Aquinas walked the earth.
  106. (1249) Roger Bacon discovers explosives.
  107. (1300 to 1600) Renaissance occurs.
  108. (1300 to 1600) Age of Discovery occurs.
  109. (Oxford 1337) William Merle records weather.
  110. (1337 to 1453) Hundred Years War.
  111. (1440) Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press.
  112. (1452 to 1519) Leonardo da Vinci walked the earth.
  113. (1455 to 1485) Wars of the Roses.
  114. (1455 to 1857) Colonizing New Worlds era.
  115. (1460) Decimal fraction calculation.
  116. (Northern India 1469 to 1539) Guru Nanak walked the earth and started Sikhism.
  117. (1500 to 1600) Reconstruciton.
  118. (Nuremberg 1502) Peter Henlein builds the first watch.
  119. (1504) Venetian ambassadors propose the Suez Canal.
  120. (1512) Copernicus describes orbit around the sun.
  121. (1520) Scipione del Ferro solves the first cubic equations.
  122. (1533) Blasco da Garray proposes the design of a steamboat.
  123. (1543) Andreas Vesalius publishes a book on human anatomy.
  124. (1550 to 1600) Catholics and Protestances Counter-Reformation.
  125. (1551) Konrad von Gesner writes volume one of Historiae animalium, establishing zoology.
  126. (1552) Bartolommeo Eusachio explains Eustachian tube and valve.
  127. (1559) Realdo Columbo describes position of the human embryo.
  128. (1569) Mercator introduces a new map projection.
  129. (1570) Ortelius published a map of the world.
  130. (1581) Galileo discovers the isochronous property of the pendulum.
  131. (1582) Urbain Hemand investigates teeth anatomy.
  132. (1585) Simon Stevin formulates the law of equilibrium.
  133. (1592) Galileo invents a thermometer.
  134. (England 1594) The flush toilet is invented.
  135. (1608) Hans Lippershey invents the first telescope.
  136. (1610) Nicolas Peiresc discovers the Orion nebula.
  137. (1610) Jean Beguin publishes Tyrocinium chymicum, the first chemistry book.
  138. (1611) Sunspots are discovered.
  139. (1611) Joahnnes Kepler discovers the law of refraction.
  140. (1612) The first printed use of the decimal pointin trigonometrical tables.
  141. (1615) Santorio publishes a study on metabolism and perspiration.
  142. (1617) Willebrord Snell establishes the technique of trigonometric triangulation for cartography.
  143. (1618 to 1648) The Thirty Years' War.
  144. (1619) Kepler states the third law of planetary motion.
  145. (1626) The first human temperature is taken.
  146. (1628) William Harvey explains the circulatory system.
  147. (Le Havre 1628) The first harbor with sluices built.
  148. (1640) Coke is made from coal.
  149. (1641) Arsenin is used medically.
  150. (1642 to 1648) The English Civil War occurs.
  151. (1643) Evengelista Torricelli invents the barometer.
  152. (1649) King Charles I is beheaded.
  153. (1650) Otto von Guericke invents the air pump.
  154. (1654) Blaise Pascal and Pieere de Fermat describe the theory of probability.
  155. (1656) Christiaan Huygens creates first clock pendulum.
  156. (1660) Antoni van Leeuwenhoek gives the first accurate description of red blood cells.
  157. (1663) John Newton formulates binomial theorem.
  158. (1664) Thomas Willis advances knowledge of the human nervous system.
  159. (1665) Isaac Newton invents differential calculus.
  160. (1666) Isaac Newton measures the moon's orbit.
  161. (1671) Ether is studied.
  162. (1674) John Mayow presents nature of combustion.
  163. (1675) Speed of light determined to be finite.
  164. (1675) Greenwich Observatory established.
  165. (England 1685) King James II came to the throne starting hte Glorius Revolution.
  166. (1686) "First meteorological map drawn".
  167. (1687) Sir Isaac Newton describes laws of motion and gravity.
  168. (1700) Rococo.
  169. (1700) Great Northern War.
  170. (America, France 1700 to 1800) Enlightenment, the Age of Reason.
  171. (1701 to 1713) War of Spanish Succession.
  172. (1705) Edmund Halley predicts the return data of a comet.
  173. (1707) Denis Papin invents high-pressure boiler.
  174. (1707) Sir John Floyer counts some pulse beats.
  175. (1714) Syringe developed.
  176. (1714) G.D. Fahrenheit invents mercury thermometer.
  177. (1731) Quadrant invented.
  178. (1740) Benjamin Huntsman "improves the crucible process in smelting".
  179. (1742) Anders Celsius invents centigrade thermometer.
  180. (1745) Capacitor invented.
  181. (1750 to 1800) Realism.
  182. (1752) Benjamin Franklin "invents a lightning conductor".
  183. (1756 to 1763) Seven Years' War.
  184. (1765) First use of hermetic sealing as a preservation method.
  185. (1769) James Watt patents the steam engine.
  186. (1771) Electrical nature of nervous impulses established.
  187. (1772) Daniel Rutherford discovers nitrogen.
  188. (1773) First cast-iron bridge.
  189. (1774) Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen.
  190. (1775) J. C. Fabricius publishes Systema entomologia, an insect classification.
  191. (1775 to 1783) American Revolution.
  192. (1777) Antoine Lavoisier breaks air into oxygen and nitrogen.
  193. (1779) We better understand semen.
  194. (1780 to 1850) Romanticism.
  195. (1780 to 1900) Industrial Revolution.
  196. (1786) John Fitch floats a steamboat.
  197. (1789) Martin Klaproth discovers zirconium and uranium.
  198. (1793) Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
  199. (1793 to 1794) Reign of Terror.
  200. (1799 to 1815) Napoleonic wars.
  201. (1800) William Herschel confirms infrared solar rays exist.
  202. (Wordwide 1800 to 1900) Abolitionism.
  203. (1801) Robert Fulton produces a human-powered submarine.
  204. (1803 to 1808) John Dalton introduces atomic theory.
  205. (1805) Morphine isolated.
  206. (1814) Steam locomotive designed.
  207. (1816) Sir David Brewster invents kaleidoscope.
  208. (1819) Flatbed cylinder printing press invented.
  209. (1821) Friedlieb Ferdinand Range discovers caffeine.
  210. (1821) Thomas J. Seebeck discovers thermoelectricity.
  211. (1821 to 1829) Great War of Independence.
  212. (1823) Charles Babbage creates machine that can calculate.
  213. (1831) Robert Brown discovers cell nucleus in plants.
  214. (1831) Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic motor.
  215. (1837) Samuel Morse exhibits telegraph.
  216. (1837 to 1901) Victorian Period.
  217. (1839) Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber.
  218. (1839) Diaguerreotype method of photography developed.
  219. (1846 to 1848) Mexican-American War.
  220. (1850 to 1900) Woman Suffrage.
  221. (1854 to 1856) Crimean War.
  222. (1861 to 1865) U.S. Civil War.
  223. (1865 to 1877) Reconstruciton.
  224. (1866) Austria vs. Prussia Austro-Prussian War.
  225. (1867 to 1886) Impressionism.
  226. (U.S. 1869) Transcontinental railroad completed.
  227. (1870 to 1871) France vs. Prussia Franco-Prussian War.
  228. (1894 to 1895) China vs. Japan First Sino-Japanese War.
  229. (1899 to 1902) Boer War.
  230. (Iran 1900) The Bab walked the earth and developed Baha'ism.
  231. (1900) Quantum theory developed.
  232. (1900) Sigmund Freud writes The Interpretation of Dreams.
  233. (1900 to 1945) Global Conflict era.
  234. (1901) Wireless telegraph invented.
  235. (1901) Mosquitoes are proved to carry yellow fever.
  236. (1901) Discovery of antigens and hormones.
  237. (1903) First airplane flight.
  238. (1904) Trans-siberian railroad built.
  239. (1904 to 1905) Russia vs. Japan Russo-Japanese War.
  240. (1905) Tuberculosis caused discovered.
  241. (1905) Albert Einstein introduces theory of relativity.
  242. (1909) Gene theory established.
  243. (1914) Panama canal complete.
  244. (1914 to 1918) World War I.
  245. (Russia 1918 to 1922) Russian Civil War.
  246. (1922) Insulin used to treat diabetes.
  247. (1927) Iron lung developed.
  248. (1928) Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
  249. (U.S. 1929 to 1941) Great Depression.
  250. (1931) Empire State building opens.
  251. (1936 to 1939) Spanish Civil War.
  252. (1937 to 1945) Second Sino-Japanese War.
  253. (1939) Nuclear fission discovered.
  254. (1939 to 1945) World War II.
  255. (1945 to 1949) Chinese Civil War.
  256. (1946) Dr. Spock writes The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care.
  257. (1946) ENIAC - the first computer - comes online.
  258. (1947) Radiocarbon dating is developed.
  259. (1948 to 1949) Arab-Israeli War.
  260. (1950 to 1953) Korean War.
  261. (1951) First nuclear power reactor is developed.
  262. (1954) Jonas Salk develops first safe and effective vaccine for polio.
  263. (1955 to 1965) Civil Rights Movement.
  264. (1957) Sputnik launched.
  265. (1958) The first transatlantic passenger jet is built.
  266. (1960) First laser pulse.
  267. (1960 to 1969) Space Race.
  268. (1961) Yuri Gagarin launched into space.
  269. (1961 to 1975) Vietnam War.
  270. (China 1966) Chairman Mao Zedong Cultural Revolution.
  271. (1967) Christian Barnard performs human heart transplant.
  272. (1970) Computer Age begins.
  273. (1971) Silicon microprocessor developed.
  274. (1980 to 1988) Iran-Iraq War.
  275. (1981) Personal computers introduced.
  276. (2001) Human DNA decoded.

Sources

  1. National Geographic Almanac of World History
  2. Historical Atlas of the Ancient World by John Haywood
  3. NOVA: History of the Universe
  4. Wikipedia: Timeline of Human Evolution
  5. History World: History of Civilization
  6. History Channel: Christmas Truce of 1914

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